One of the first tasks that you should accomplish when you set up your new WordPress site is to visit the Settings menu item in the left column menu of your WordPress dashboard. There are six sub-menu items under Settings. They are General, Writing, Reading, Discussion, Media and Permalinks.
We will cover all of the sections in this short series, starting with Settings, General. Most of the options are fairly self-explanatory but it is nice to have some background on what effect that the settings have on your website’s operation.
Site Title: Pretty obvious – the name of your website that will appear in the header area of each page and post that you publish. It does not have to be the same words as your domain name but it should relate to them in some way. You don’t want to confuse your visitors or give search engines the idea that you are trying to hide the real subject of your website.
Tagline: Again, fairly obvious. This is a short phrase that describes your website or services. The Tagline will not always be displayed on your website. It’s display and location on your site will be determined by the theme that you install.
WordPress Address (URL) and Site Address (URL): In most WordPress installations these will be the same and will show the domain of your website – http://mysite.com. The WordPress Address (URL) is the address that you want people to put into their browser to find your website. The Site Address (URL) is the location of the core files of your WordPress installation. If for some reason you have installed WordPress in a location other than the root of your hosting account, such as a folder called /wordpress, then the Site Address would be http://mysite.com/wordpress.
Email Address: The email address that is listed here will receive all of the administrative notifications associated with the website. Email such as comment notifications, update notifications, etc. Many plugins and themes automatically use this address for their notifications – such as orders placed through and eCommerce plugin.
Anyone Can Register: This checkbox controls whether or not a ‘Register’ link is shown on the log-in page at http://mysite.com/wp-admin. If you check this box it will allow anyone navigating to the login page to establish a user account on your website. There are varying opinions about this option. If you elect to place a check in the box be aware that there are spammer scripts running on the Internet looking for that link on WordPress website login pages. The scripts will establish bogus website accounts in an attempt to access other parts of your website or simply leave comments/links back to websites that you would prefer not to have associated with yours.
New User Default Role: I can not think of any instance where this should be anything other than Subscriber. If you have given anyone the option to establish a user account on your website by checking the box in the previous option then setting this to anything other than Subscriber would be website suicide. As a Subscriber the user only has the capability to read articles or change their own profile, nothing else. Any role higher than Subscriber gives the user the ability to write articles and publishing them or submitting them for publication on your site.
Timezone: The default for this setting is UTC. You should set it to the timezone of your location. If your theme displays the date/time that a post is published you probably want it to show the local time. If you intend to write several posts at a time and then schedule them to be published at future dates you probably want to schedule those in your local time zone.
Date Format, Time Format, Week Starts On and Site Language are all self-explanatory and set according to your personal preferences.